How to Punctuate Quotations
From your Quotations Guide
When you use quotations, it is important to follow certain standards of punctuation. Ignoring these standards could make your quotation look like plagiarism, not to mention shoddy and amateurish.
- Periods (.) and commas (,) should be placed inside the quotation marks.
- Colons (:) and semicolons (;) should stay outside quotation marks.
- If hyphens (-), question marks (?), or exclamation marks (!) are a part of the original quotation, use them inside the quotation marks. If they are your own, use them outside the quotation marks.
- At the end of the quotation, cite the name of the author.
- Reproduce all the punctuations used by the author of the quotation. Don't modify the original structure of the quotation.
- If the quotation is more than three lines long, indent it about half an inch from the left margin. If you indent your quotation, do not use quotation marks.
- A short quotation can be merged with your sentence. Use quotation marks to indicate that it is not your own writing.
- Use parenthesis (round brackets) to provide information about the quotation. This could include the name of the author, the source of the quotation, the page number of the extract and the like.
- If you skip parts of the quotation, indicate the missing part by using ellipses (...).
- When you quote a stanza from poetry, indicate line breaks by using the slash marks (/).
More How To's from your Guide to Quotations